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Bagaimana Anda mendapatkan string dari MemoryStream?

Jika saya diberi MemoryStreamyang saya tahu telah diisi dengan Stringname__, bagaimana cara mendapatkan Stringkembali?

491
Brian

Sampel ini menunjukkan cara membaca dan menulis string ke MemoryStream.


Imports System.IO

Module Module1
  Sub Main()
    ' We don't need to dispose any of the MemoryStream 
    ' because it is a managed object. However, just for 
    ' good practice, we'll close the MemoryStream.
    Using ms As New MemoryStream
      Dim sw As New StreamWriter(ms)
      sw.WriteLine("Hello World")
      ' The string is currently stored in the 
      ' StreamWriters buffer. Flushing the stream will 
      ' force the string into the MemoryStream.
      sw.Flush()
      ' If we dispose the StreamWriter now, it will close 
      ' the BaseStream (which is our MemoryStream) which 
      ' will prevent us from reading from our MemoryStream
      'sw.Dispose()

      ' The StreamReader will read from the current 
      ' position of the MemoryStream which is currently 
      ' set at the end of the string we just wrote to it. 
      ' We need to set the position to 0 in order to read 
      ' from the beginning.
      ms.Position = 0
      Dim sr As New StreamReader(ms)
      Dim myStr = sr.ReadToEnd()
      Console.WriteLine(myStr)

      ' We can dispose our StreamWriter and StreamReader 
      ' now, though this isn't necessary (they don't hold 
      ' any resources open on their own).
      sw.Dispose()
      sr.Dispose()
    End Using

    Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue.")
    Console.ReadKey()
  End Sub
End Module
446
Brian

Anda juga bisa menggunakan

Encoding.ASCII.GetString(ms.ToArray());

Saya tidak berpikir ini kurang efisien, tetapi saya tidak bisa bersumpah untuk itu. Ini juga memungkinkan Anda memilih penyandian yang berbeda, sedangkan menggunakan StreamReader Anda harus menentukan itu sebagai parameter.

269
Coderer

Menggunakan StreamReader untuk mengubah MemoryStream menjadi sebuah String.

<Extension()> _
Public Function ReadAll(ByVal memStream As MemoryStream) As String
    ' Reset the stream otherwise you will just get an empty string.
    ' Remember the position so we can restore it later.
    Dim pos = memStream.Position
    memStream.Position = 0

    Dim reader As New StreamReader(memStream)
    Dim str = reader.ReadToEnd()

    ' Reset the position so that subsequent writes are correct.
    memStream.Position = pos

    Return str
End Function
99
Brian

gunakan StreamReader , maka Anda dapat menggunakan metode ReadToEnd yang mengembalikan sebuah string.

35
Darren Kopp

Solusi sebelumnya tidak akan berfungsi dalam kasus di mana penyandian terlibat. Inilah - semacam "kehidupan nyata" - contoh bagaimana melakukan ini dengan benar ...

using(var stream = new System.IO.MemoryStream())
{
  var serializer = new DataContractJsonSerializer(typeof(IEnumerable<ExportData>),  new[]{typeof(ExportData)}, Int32.MaxValue, true, null, false);               
  serializer.WriteObject(stream, model);  


  var jsonString = Encoding.Default.GetString((stream.ToArray()));
}
18
Arek Bal
byte[] array = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("MyTest1 - MyTest2");
MemoryStream streamItem = new MemoryStream(array);

// convert to string
StreamReader reader = new StreamReader(streamItem);
string text = reader.ReadToEnd();
15
Sadjad Khazaie

Dalam hal ini, jika Anda benar-benar ingin menggunakan metode ReadToEnd di MemoryStream dengan cara yang mudah, Anda dapat menggunakan Metode Ekstensi ini untuk mencapai ini:

public static class SetExtensions
{
    public static string ReadToEnd(this MemoryStream BASE)
    {
        BASE.Position = 0;
        StreamReader R = new StreamReader(BASE);
        return R.ReadToEnd();
    }
}

Dan Anda dapat menggunakan metode ini dengan cara ini:

using (MemoryStream m = new MemoryStream())
{
    //for example i want to serialize an object into MemoryStream
    //I want to use XmlSeralizer
    XmlSerializer xs = new XmlSerializer(_yourVariable.GetType());
    xs.Serialize(m, _yourVariable);

    //the easy way to use ReadToEnd method in MemoryStream
    MessageBox.Show(m.ReadToEnd());
}
12
Mehdi Khademloo

Sampel ini menunjukkan cara membaca string dari MemoryStream, di mana saya telah menggunakan serialisasi (menggunakan DataContractJsonSerializer), meneruskan string dari beberapa server ke klien, dan kemudian, bagaimana memulihkan MemoryStream dari string yang dikirimkan sebagai parameter, kemudian , deserialize the MemoryStream.

Saya telah menggunakan bagian dari posting yang berbeda untuk melakukan sampel ini.

Semoga ini bisa membantu.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.IO;
using System.Runtime.Serialization;
using System.Runtime.Serialization.Json;
using System.Threading;

namespace JsonSample
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            var phones = new List<Phone>
            {
                new Phone { Type = PhoneTypes.Home, Number = "28736127" },
                new Phone { Type = PhoneTypes.Movil, Number = "842736487" }
            };
            var p = new Person { Id = 1, Name = "Person 1", BirthDate = DateTime.Now, Phones = phones };

            Console.WriteLine("New object 'Person' in the server side:");
            Console.WriteLine(string.Format("Id: {0}, Name: {1}, Birthday: {2}.", p.Id, p.Name, p.BirthDate.ToShortDateString()));
            Console.WriteLine(string.Format("Phone: {0} {1}", p.Phones[0].Type.ToString(), p.Phones[0].Number));
            Console.WriteLine(string.Format("Phone: {0} {1}", p.Phones[1].Type.ToString(), p.Phones[1].Number));

            Console.Write(Environment.NewLine);
            Thread.Sleep(2000);

            var stream1 = new MemoryStream();
            var ser = new DataContractJsonSerializer(typeof(Person));

            ser.WriteObject(stream1, p);

            stream1.Position = 0;
            StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(stream1);
            Console.Write("JSON form of Person object: ");
            Console.WriteLine(sr.ReadToEnd());

            Console.Write(Environment.NewLine);
            Thread.Sleep(2000);

            var f = GetStringFromMemoryStream(stream1);

            Console.Write(Environment.NewLine);
            Thread.Sleep(2000);

            Console.WriteLine("Passing string parameter from server to client...");

            Console.Write(Environment.NewLine);
            Thread.Sleep(2000);

            var g = GetMemoryStreamFromString(f);
            g.Position = 0;
            var ser2 = new DataContractJsonSerializer(typeof(Person));
            var p2 = (Person)ser2.ReadObject(g);

            Console.Write(Environment.NewLine);
            Thread.Sleep(2000);

            Console.WriteLine("New object 'Person' arrived to the client:");
            Console.WriteLine(string.Format("Id: {0}, Name: {1}, Birthday: {2}.", p2.Id, p2.Name, p2.BirthDate.ToShortDateString()));
            Console.WriteLine(string.Format("Phone: {0} {1}", p2.Phones[0].Type.ToString(), p2.Phones[0].Number));
            Console.WriteLine(string.Format("Phone: {0} {1}", p2.Phones[1].Type.ToString(), p2.Phones[1].Number));

            Console.Read();
        }

        private static MemoryStream GetMemoryStreamFromString(string s)
        {
            var stream = new MemoryStream();
            var sw = new StreamWriter(stream);
            sw.Write(s);
            sw.Flush();
            stream.Position = 0;
            return stream;
        }

        private static string GetStringFromMemoryStream(MemoryStream ms)
        {
            ms.Position = 0;
            using (StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(ms))
            {
                return sr.ReadToEnd();
            }
        }
    }

    [DataContract]
    internal class Person
    {
        [DataMember]
        public int Id { get; set; }
        [DataMember]
        public string Name { get; set; }
        [DataMember]
        public DateTime BirthDate { get; set; }
        [DataMember]
        public List<Phone> Phones { get; set; }
    }

    [DataContract]
    internal class Phone
    {
        [DataMember]
        public PhoneTypes Type { get; set; }
        [DataMember]
        public string Number { get; set; }
    }

    internal enum PhoneTypes
    {
        Home = 1,
        Movil = 2
    }
}
10

Versi yang sedikit dimodifikasi dari jawaban Brian memungkinkan manajemen opsional mulai membaca, Ini tampaknya menjadi metode termudah. mungkin bukan yang paling efisien, tetapi mudah dimengerti dan digunakan.

Public Function ReadAll(ByVal memStream As MemoryStream, Optional ByVal startPos As Integer = 0) As String
    ' reset the stream or we'll get an empty string returned
    ' remember the position so we can restore it later
    Dim Pos = memStream.Position
    memStream.Position = startPos

    Dim reader As New StreamReader(memStream)
    Dim str = reader.ReadToEnd()

    ' reset the position so that subsequent writes are correct
    memStream.Position = Pos

    Return str
End Function
5
James

Mengapa tidak membuat metode ekstensi Nice pada tipe MemoryStream?

public static class MemoryStreamExtensions
{

    static object streamLock = new object();

    public static void WriteLine(this MemoryStream stream, string text, bool flush)
    {
        byte[] bytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(text + Environment.NewLine);
        lock (streamLock)
        {
            stream.Write(bytes, 0, bytes.Length);
            if (flush)
            {
                stream.Flush();
            }
        }
    }

    public static void WriteLine(this MemoryStream stream, string formatString, bool flush, params string[] strings)
    {
        byte[] bytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(String.Format(formatString, strings) + Environment.NewLine);
        lock (streamLock)
        {
            stream.Write(bytes, 0, bytes.Length);
            if (flush)
            {
                stream.Flush();
            }
        }
    }

    public static void WriteToConsole(this MemoryStream stream)
    {
        lock (streamLock)
        {
            long temporary = stream.Position;
            stream.Position = 0;
            using (StreamReader reader = new StreamReader(stream, Encoding.UTF8, false, 0x1000, true))
            {
                string text = reader.ReadToEnd();
                if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(text))
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(text);
                }
            }
            stream.Position = temporary;
        }
    }
}

Tentu saja, berhati-hatilah saat menggunakan metode ini bersamaan dengan yang standar. :) ... Anda harus menggunakan streamLock yang praktis jika Anda melakukannya, untuk konkurensi.

5
Alexandru